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  • Writer's pictureLeaf Digital

USA-China Relations

Updated: Feb 20

USA at the CIIE

Hands with pieces of a puzzle, one brick with the Chinese flag, one with the American flag

The 2023 CIIE also marked a significant turning point in US-China trade relations, with the largest and highest-level US delegation in attendance since the event's inception. This year's delegation included notable US officials like Jason Hafemeister and Wade Sheppard from the USDA, a departure from the US's historical absence at CIIE. The presence of various US agricultural groups and 20 state governors from the US Heartland China Association underscores the keen interest in exploring trade opportunities between both nations.


Co-sponsored by the USDA and AmCham China, the US pavilion at CIIE showcased agricultural products and technologies from California, Idaho, and Georgia. The importance of the Chinese market to US agriculture, marked by significant exports in soybeans, corn, cotton, and meat products, serves as a pragmatic gateway to improve bilateral relations and trade ties between both countries.


While USA-China trade relation tensions have persisted since the 2018 trade war, recent moves in export controls on semiconductor technology and reciprocal restrictions on key metals for chip production indicate ongoing challenges. Despite this, US officials present at CIIE emphasized the need for increased bilateral trade, with the US Ambassador to China, Nicholas Burns, advocating against economic decoupling between the two economies.

Rasmus at CIIE in Shanghai

The Xi-Biden meeting

“The world is big enough for the two countries to succeed” - Xi Jinping quoted at the recent meeting between U.S. President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi.


The meeting serves as a pivotal signal for global cooperation. Both leaders aimed to set parameters on U.S.-China relations, prioritizing cooperation to avert escalating tensions. This meeting yielded concrete outcomes, including the resumption of military communications, a focus on combatting fentanyl, a joint initiative on artificial intelligence, and renewed commitments to address climate change.


For Xi, the meeting held symbolic significance, showcasing his statesmanship and positioning him as an equal player on the global stage. It's a strategic move amidst mounting challenges, allowing him to address economic issues while aiming to prevent new export controls that could worsen China's economic landscape. Maintaining open trade channels and reassuring investors of China's business accessibility were key messages conveyed during Xi's engagement with business leaders in San Francisco.


While the meeting didn't alter existing security-driven trade restrictions, the resumption of communications, including a presidential hotline and military dialogues, marks a significant step amid global uncertainties. Leaders at the APEC summit echoed the importance of cooperation, signaling a collective need for strengthened collaboration. This thaw in U.S.-China communications is anticipated to foster joint efforts on global challenges, particularly on climate change, setting a positive tone for future engagements between the two nations.


To sum up, the 6th CIIE highlighted China's robust market and its global trade significance. Despite ongoing challenges, the expo's success underscores China's commitment to global partnerships. The changing economic landscape offers opportunities for foreign businesses, demanding careful navigation amid uncertainties. The shift in US-China trade relations at CIIE and the recent Xi-Biden meeting signal a growing cooperation, and there are reasons for careful optimism.

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